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Gynaecological Ultrasound

About ultrasound

Ultrasound has been used as a diagnostic aid for over fifty years. It has been shown to be extremely accurate, reliable and less expensive for the patient than other forms of medical imaging. It is so effective that is has become a standard diagnostic tool used across a wide variety of medical fields. It is non-invasive, in most cases, and provides the ability to examine the inner workings of the body in amazing detail.

Ultrasound works by projecting high frequency sound waves into the body, where they are bounced back by internal organs. The small hand held device, called transducer, reads the return ‘echo’ and creates a ‘real-time’ moving image to be assessed by specialist sonographer.

There are no known harmful effects from the diagnostic use of ultrasound and it rarely causes any discomfort to the patient.

Uses of gynaecological ultrasound

Gynaecological ultrasound can assist in the diagnosis of lumps in the pelvic area, abnormal bleeding either before or after menopause and pelvic or abdominal pain, bloating or infection. It can help determine causes of infertility or be used as a means of early detection in patients with a high risk of ovarian cancer.

Please note that Women’s & Breast Imaging does not perform obstetric (pregnancy) ultrasound.

How do I prepare for an ultrasound?

Very little preparation is required. There is no need to fast so you can eat what you want before the scan however it may be necessary for you to have a full bladder during your procedure.

Women’s & Breast Imaging will inform you of any and all requirements at the time of your booking.

What can I expect during the ultrasound?

A gel is spread upon the skin and the transducer (handpiece) is applied to that area, usually the lower abdomen and occasionally the pelvis.

When needed, and with your consent, trans-vaginal scanning may also be incorporated into the examination.

All of your needs are met by our all-female sonographers and technical staff and fully informed consent by the patient is always obtained before proceeding. Absolute attention and discretion is paid to your privacy and sensitivity.

What happens if an abnormality is found?

A detailed report will immediately be sent to your referring doctor. We will communicate any significant findings to you upon request.

Who benefits from gynaecological ultrasound?

Gynaecological ultrasound is particularly beneficial to woman who have a history of ovarian cysts or a high risk of ovarian cancer. Consult your doctor about your individual circumstances.

How often should I have a gynaecological ultrasound?

Gynaecological ultrasound is only used when directed by your referring doctor, usually when you have a personal or family history or a current medical problem.


Costs can vary depending on the nature of your visit, your medical history and whether you hold a valid concession card. For more information please consult our Patient’s Guide to Billing Costs.